A discussion on the philosophy of Logical Positivism.
There are two paths in this world and we are on one of them.
The foundation of justice and equality is accountability.
If you wish to prove the Bible errs you need to fulfill the preconditions first.
A discussion on the meaning and application of The Golden Rule
This is a program developed for the Region of Muskoka but it is applicable to any community.
These are the 106 propositions of the Cultural Reformation in PDF
The Doctrine of Citizen Rights in PDF
Logic is not personal, adjustable, customizable or amenable to will or whim. Logic is implacable, absolute, and eternal truth. Logic is positive. To be positive we need to be logical. To create positive communities, we need logical programs and institutions. Logical places need logical people. Logic is not about freedom. Logic is about doing the right thing the right way to produce what ought to be produced. Logic is about values and justice. Liberalism is not logical. Positivism is not compatible with liberalism.
Liberals are persons obsessed with freedom and liberty. Liberals view freedom as a right. Liberals tend to be skeptics and scoffers and deniers of truth when truth is absolute, analytical and for all times and places. Liberal culture is a direct assault on logic and faith. Liberals disdain everything but their own supreme impulsive will.
Liberals are seekers after facts. Facts are inductive or contingent truth. This is the politically correct term for propositions which are only provisionally true.
Truth is logical. Logical people are spiritual. Logical persons believe information defines truth. Positives look at the message for the meaning. The truth of the message is found in the author of the message. The integrity of the creator is found in the integrity of their communication.
If the message is flowery and without substance so is the originator of the message. If the message contains imprecise language and partial truths the person is lazy and careless.
If the message contains contradictions, the author is evil and ought to be avoided.
It is language that determines one’s commitment to logic or condemns one as liberal, a liar and a corrupter of words.
There are two paths mankind can take. We are all on one or the other path. The two paths are ideological and contain irreconcilable philosophical and epistemological differences. The two paths constitute two world views or cultures. They are so divided and distinct one from the other it is justified in thinking of them as two different realities.
Progressivism is a theory of human betterment. Progressivism is a theory of human progress. Progressives believe in the perfectibility of man as a gradual process that never can be completed. Some progressives see a time when man will rule the galaxy, perhaps the universe. Others even believe we may become as gods. But there will always remain room for improvement.
Progressivism is a philosophy of elites, experts and the entitled. Progress is produced by and guided by experts and specialists and those with expertise absent from the general population. Experts measure and determine the direction and level of progress.
Progressives see poverty as a sign of disfavor and wealth as an indicator of virtue.
Progress and the perfectibility of man is tied up in mans ability to produce wealth.
BLM argues the more melanin in the skin the more virtuous one is. It is melanin that legitimizes BLMs ideas concerning progress. However, the BLM view of progress has not been adopted by mainstream thinkers and therefore mainstream thought is pilloried as being racist.
Positivist do not believe progress towards perfection is possible. We are not the measure of perfection. There is no perfect model or archetype. We cannot do what Jesus would do. We are not God. Perfection is not determined by externalities or one’s passage along a continuum. Perfection is a qualitative absolute not a quantitative accumulation of some feature or factor or the shedding of some negative element.
The Doctrine of Positivity states there are only two possible course of actions one can take, one is positive the other negative. All actions fall onto one side or the other of this line. The Doctrine of Positivity rejects the claim of The Doctrine of Infinite Continuity which states that all actions fall on an infinitely extended continuum or on a line of infinite regress.
We call all of these ideas collectively liberalism. Liberalism as an ideology encompasses all relativistic, contingent and probabilistic conceptions. Liberalism conceives of cultures as relative and truths as inductive.
Liberal morality is grey proportionalities between two equally distant unattainable and idealistic absolutes.
The Doctrine of Positivity embraces the Law of The Excluded Middle. Positivism does this by means of the Positive Market. Positivism is a Theory of Economics founded on Positive Ownership: the proposition that authorship legitimizes ownership.
The Positive Market creates an environment of positive accountability a situation in which all costs are accounted for at site. Positive Accounting prevents the externalization of costs. No costs are transferred onto society and future generations. We own only what we are the authors of. No one can assign costs to our account we did not create. This is the Doctrine of Negative Accountability. Positive Accountability requires us to pay for all benefits enjoyed. As well we are to ensure no costs created by us is paid by any other agent.
Positive Economics creates and issues positive money. Money is a unit of account or a unit of value used for recording transfers of value, also known as a transaction.
Positive currency is contained in two columns called the Credit and Debit columns. The Credit column records cash in and the Debit column records cash out. Currency is created by increases in equity and is issued as preferred shares. Preferred shares measure the equity in an organization. If someone builds a bird house this constitutes an asset. The equity is the portion of value pertaining to the finished product minus the costs.
Equity is assets minus costs or liabilities. (E=A-L)
The equity portion of the Asset is issued as preferred shares payable to the account of the author of this value.
When Bill purchases from Jack preferred shares Credited to the Bill Account are transferred to the Jack Account. For sales the Credit account is Debited and the Debit account of the seller is Credited.
To start a business simply means creating a business account. The B1 account is credited the assets needed to start the business. Those who contribute the assets have their accounts credited with the value they provided. If the business is a bakery, those who contribute assets needed by a bakery are credited for the value they provided. Those who work for the bakery have their accounts credited for the work they do, whereas those who purchase bakery products have their account debited.
To pay off debt bonds may be sold to members. The cash earned is used to purchase member debt from banks. Those buying bonds have their accounts credited with an equal amount of preferred share units (prefers, a contraction of preferred shares).
Do you claim Scripture errs?
Claims require two proofs be satisfied before being considered.
A) Demonstrate your claim will never be reversed. Never is defined as given an infinite amount of time during which your claim will remain as presented.
B) Demonstrate that the assumptions on which the demonstration of falsity was provided is itself sound. If your own reality is flawed you lack the cognitive foundation on which accusations of fictitious presumptions may be founded. When you have proved your own reality claims are unassailable then re-submit your claim.
The Golden Rule is quite likely the worlds best known moral principle. It has been stated in different ways in different places and undergone various manifestations over the centuries. The basic principle remains the same, however. The Golden Rule is the moral injunction to not do to others what we would not want done to ourselves. The doctrine assumes reciprocity. The Golden Rule is echoed in the concept of karma. Samsara expresses the same sentiment for Buddhists. Karma teaches us a bad life will manifest as a lower order life in the next cycle of reincarnation and Samsara teaches that if we keep seeking to embrace life we will continue to suffer and cause suffering.
In this essay we will be concerned with its scriptural form, as found in Mat. 7:12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.
This passage is a restatement of Lev. 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.
The Golden Rule is often treated and quoted, as a negative injunction or a negative right. The way most modern readers think of The Golden Rule is as a negative right, meaning we ought not harm anyone unless we are prepared to have the harm reciprocated. The Golden Rule of the Bible is however not stated as a negative injunction. Scripture tells us to do to others, what we want done to ourselves. It is not just what we want done to ourselves but what we believe others should do for us. So, The Golden Rule assumes others are under a positive injunction as regards us. Even the modern translation of: Do unto others as you would have them to unto you, is a positive prescription.
The Golden Rule as given in Scripture is a statement of positive duty and obligation.
But the way Jesus sees it, The Golden Rule is not just a doctrine it is a 1st Order Principle or Positive Right. People have a right to expect positive contact from us. Love is not just the absence of negative reactions.
If the Golden Rule is the law and prophets, then being positive is an obligation we owe to others because this is an obligation we are owed.
This is interesting because the form The Golden Rule takes in Leviticus, which is the book of the law, is couched in negative rights language.
This version of The Golden Rule has a corollary in the so-called “silver rule,” which encourages restraint and non-harm: “do nothing to others you would not have done to you.” But is non-harm sufficient for Christians who are required to do good works?
In a world where free riding is the norm and the role of victim has premium value, the golden rule seems to require a saintly, unselfish disposition that to most moderns appears unwarranted and even foolhardy.
Yet, to understand The Golden Rule we must view it in proper context. In families and groups of friends the need for strict accounting is not demanded. The family and the church have a life that is not that found in the cultures of Babylon. The Golden Rule does not apply when a group of persons is just individuals juxtaposed together.
The Golden Rule applied is a church. The church is not composed of strangers or of people who are competing for favored positions within the group. It is difficult if not impossible to impose a moral ought on one’s enemies. It might be supposed that The Golden Rule is scalable to conditions. What others should do for you changes from family to friend to compatriot to enemy. It follows that what you should do for them will also change according to the relationship.
No one believes that what an enemy or stranger should do for you is the same thing as what you expect from a family member. One does not even want strangers to treat us as friends.
We can add that to act with strangers as if they will respond in the way family does is bizarre and unreasonable. On the other hand, because we act as we think others should respond to us does not mean the response is reciprocal in a direct way. We ought to contribute to the group in response to our expectation as to how the group ought to respond. The reciprocity ought to be social not confined to a particular individual.
Everyone seems to think the Golden Rule is a good idea. Yet, it represents a level of risk most persons do not wish to be exposed to. Few people will argue The Golden Rule is a good rule for governments or businesses to follow. ‘Do unto others as you would have them do unto you,’ has become a noble ideal but so noble it serves more as inspiration than obligation. As Bill Puka remarks: Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the golden rule in its own terms, despite the rule’s prominence in common-sense ethics.
The basic formulation of the Golden Rule, as given in Luke defines what you would like to see happen, to you. The Golden Rule expects us to use this preference as a guide to our own behaviour. Luke 6:31 phrases it this way: ‘And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.’
The rule does not lead us to expect that others will do to us in a reciprocal way, what we do to or for them. The Golden Rule does not set a standard for all persons to follow. The Golden Rule requires you to set a standard for others to follow.
The Golden Rule is part of a larger set of commands that help make the Golden Rule too idealistic for most people to consider reasonable.
The Golden Rule presupposes what we ought to expect from others by setting the standard for us to follow.
6:30-33 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? For sinners also love those that love them. And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.
Probably we are anxious about being put in a situation where we are to give without expecting a return but lets read this from a different perspective.
When we are told to do as we would that men should do to us this means we are to accept what others have to give. We are not to worry about repaying the person just as we wish others to do when we give to them. Reciprocate the favour if you can even if not directly. Accept help and repentance from those who you do not like, allow them to be good to you. This is what you want from others.
Even so, our reticence in following The Golden Rule says more about us and the culture we have created than it does about the Rule. The Golden Rule does not assume we are living in Western Culture. It does not require us to have jobs and work for others. Nor does it presume we have a payroll to meet nor bills and taxes to pay. The Golden Rule presumes nothing other than that we ought to do for others what we think others should be doing for us.
I suggest not many of us think others ought to think they are our slaves so why would we think we ought to be their slaves? Do we think that others ought to give to us as a deadbeat? I doubt many of us want others to treat us in a way that would lift us above their own station. We do not wish to be elevated by others so why do we fear The Golden Rule means we ought to act in ways that defy logic and reason?
The Golden Rule comes down to creating a culture of equality. If people need something, we can assume they do not have it and we do. Why does this inequality exist? If people need food, why are we manufacturing high end cooking utensils?
We are told to do unto others as we think they should do unto us. This is not telling us to go against our own moral understanding or sense of right. If we think people should give us a job, then realize we have an obligation to help people get work. We need to organize society and our life so that we can respond in ways that we think the world and others ought to respond to our needs. This is what it means to live a positive life. If we live positively, we will not create social costs. Social costs are negative expressions of The Golden Rule. Social costs do unto others what we hope no one will do back to us. Some have expressed it as doing unto others before they have the chance of doing unto us.
It is good to live in Muskoka, better yet to live in the small town of Bracebridge in Muskoka. It is the typical small town with a main street and the standard complement of Big Box stores.
There are 16,000 people in Bracebridge 61,000 in Muskoka. This is our winter population, in the summer tourism adds 81,000 visitors. Only 69,000 are unable to drive Muskoka style, which is more laid back than our southern cousins’ style.
Employment is seasonal. Without the tourism Muskoka would become a lakeside community. So much of our commercial sector is tied to tourism.
If we were all seasonal visitors, there would be little in the way of community. To have community requires human engagement. Community is not juxtaposed buildings. Community is the relationships that exist within a geographical locale. Homes and businesses are just the terminals needed by humans to engage one another.
The heart of any community is its businesses. If the community is seasonal so are its businesses. If the community is composed of seasonal visitors served by seasonal businesses, the community itself is seasonal.
The borders of a community only make sense when those who live within the community engage each other. If the people engage others outside their borders more than within their borders the community is an illusion. A community is a social network. An empty store is not just an empty building, it is a loss of a social hub.
One empty storefront is one too many. But to energize an empty store require customers. A customer is a person with an income. Real income is acquired through work at a commercial enterprise. Empty stores create unemployment and are caused by unemployment. Herein lies the paradox; people without jobs produce empty stores and empty stores mean fewer people working. The empty store problem cannot be solved without simultaneously solving the unemployment problem.
Most of us have been taught that the free market creates jobs; most of us have grown up since then. We know the free market also eliminates jobs. Even if jobs are created globally, few celebrate. When we see the place in which we live dying from a lack of jobs we want jobs created here.
The free market operates according to supply and demand. The fact that a town wants and needs jobs is irrelevant. The issue is if it pays those with capital to invest the capital they have to create jobs.
Capitalists do not just compete for customers. Workers must compete for jobs. Towns must compete for investors. The free market never responds to demand with a supply, never. The free market responds the Demand that is competitive compared to all other Demands. There is always competition for the available supply. Competition is fine when widgets are being discussed. If the supply of widgets is insufficient the price of widgets will increase to match supply to Demand in the most efficient way.
Bread and homes are not widgets. We do not want bread to be treated as if it was a widget. It is a requirement for life along with homes and health care and other things. We do not want bread to find its optimal price we want people fed.
If there is only so much capital to go around is the wise thing not to allow the free market to allocate the capital where it will do the most good, even if this means moving 700 local jobs to China?
Workers are consumers. Workers do not lose jobs unless the market loses a consumer. A community does not just lose jobs it loses a neighbor. Explain how it make sense to reduce the price of a widget by .50 by eliminating the jobs of those who would have purchase widgets? If the savings is achieved by actions that cost the local economy a million dollars a year in lost wages and $300,000 in lost tax revenues what is the true savings or cost to the local and national economy?
It is not that the idea of supply and demand determines prices is technically wrong. It is who holds the yardstick? Whose supply and whose demand is being measured?
When demand for widgets declines an individual entrepreneur loses business. The business may be forced to close. This is not just a personal loss it is a general loss to the community.
Bill may have a booming business, but taxes and high wages are cutting into his profits. Bill decides to move production overseas. Bill decides if he moves his business to a low tax/low wage center he can lower his prices and increase profits.
The market works on price. The idea is that if people can buy widgets cheaper, they will. If they can get more for their dollar, they will buy the better bargain. But there must be a product with a price and there has to be people with money who want the product.
There is no market for new businesses. There is no market for new products. There is no Demand for jobs. The free market is reactive. It responds only to what already exists. Where markets meet human aspirations is where the economics of the market break down.
Bill has amassed a sizable amount of capital. It is his to invest as he chooses. Perhaps he has deferred gratification. This would appear to morally justify using his savings to reward himself as he sees fit.
Bill invests where he sees the best return on investment. He looks for the least risk for the potential return. If he makes a good choice the community and his company will prosper. If he makes a poor choice, he loses his investment, but the community may suffer more. This is a negative. Free markets pose potential rewards but also contain risk. Social Positivists do not look to find ways to compensate people for the risks they face, as the free market does, we work to reduce negatives and increase positives to eliminate the moral justification for profits.
Positive Markets are not about risk taking and levels of compensation. Positive Markets are about people helping people freely and without fear.
Risk is not a positive factor. Positive Markets do not create risk. Competition creates a risk of failure. There is no risk or competition in a Positive Market.
People are the heart of a community and a community that has eliminated risk is a Positive Market. Every member of a community is an asset to the community and therefore part of the Positive Market. People who are unemployed or wrongfully employed are not contributing to the welfare of the community. Unemployment is not a positive factor. If the person does not contribute to the community, he or she is not a positive component of the community.
In this sense Bracebridge is not just a town. It is not just a place with people. Every citizen has a role to play in the economic success of the region. The success of Bracebridge is dependent on every citizen contributing value to the market. Every resident has a fiduciary interest in the success of the community. A citizen is a person with a fiduciary interest in a market region.
If one’s economic interests lay outside of a market, he or she ought not to be considered a citizen of that region.
This being so a resident has a political and moral right to have his or her interests considered.
An Exchange represents the fiduciary interest citizens have in their community.
To eliminate all social costs and eliminate empty stores, unemployment and failing businesses it is proposed that the Region of Muskoka establish The Muskoka Exchange. Every eligible voter receives one Common Share in the Exchange. Common Shares are voting shares. Shareholders vote in a Board of Directors. The Directors assign a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) who appoints a leadership team to oversee the activities of the Exchange.
The Exchange represents the citizens fiduciary interest in the economic activity of Muskoka.
The Muskoka Exchange may be capitalized by a bond issue. Bonds are issued as Preferred Shares. These can be issued in any denomination. Preferred Shares are issued at par with the domestic currency, that is on a 1 to 1 ratio.
No interest is paid on bonds. Bonds are issued to capitalize the Exchange. Earnings from sales can be used to launch businesses or pay down member debt. Preferred Shares give the holder a preferential claim on the assets of the Exchange. This enables them to be used as a local currency.
Preferred Shares are issued in denominations that are multiples of one; as is the case with fiat currency. Preferred shares operate as a medium of exchange and unit of account.
Fiat dollars acquired lease or buy empty commercial property or other assets. The share issue is backed by the equity in the Exchange as represented by the fiat dollars acquired or other capital assets purchased.
Preferred Shares are always convertible back to units of the fiat currency. Stores are leased to citizens who pay rent using Preferred Shares. An empty commercial property might be leased to local artists. Prefers (₧) are used to pay lease costs and other costs for example, supplies, equipment and services within the Exchange economy or Prefers Market.
Buyers use prefers to purchase artwork or other goods and services within the Positive Market.
Over time the Positive Markets (Muskoka Exchange) will produce more products and services to create a complex sustainable economy and resilient community. As bank debt is converted to prefers the Exchange will pay off more member-debt. The Exchange will hold the paper on the debt and the debt will become part of the equity of the Positive Market.
Because Muskoka owns the local business there is no benefit to shutting down a business (assets are transferred into other productive uses) or in making anyone unemployed. Workers not needed in one area are transferred to other areas. Nor will Muskokan’s feel a need to purchase the foreign produced option as this will only have a deleterious impact on their investment in their community.
Positive Markets find it beneficial to pay anyone who generates value for the Muskoka Exchange. Housewife’s, students and those who volunteer their services are all paid. Paying people for what they do encourages greater participation and creates greater market demand because paying people for the value they create puts more money into the market and community. We all ought to look for opportunities to pay people for the good they do.
A simple method of starting a Positive Market is to run a GoFundMe Campaign. This could be to start the Muskoka Exchange or to lease or purchase a specific commercial space for a pilot project. Muskoka could allocate space and capital for a Positive Market similar to Restore but which uses funds to start Exchanges.
To set up a specific commercial account citizens donate goods and services to the store specific to the type of business being established. Investors receive preferred shares equal to the value of the goods or services they have donated. These preferred shares (prefers ₧) can be used to purchase any goods and services offered by the Positive Market.
As more goods and services are offered the market expands and new spaces are acquired. Using this program Muskoka can be transformed into a Positive Market. Positive Markets have full employment, no debt and no inflation. Over time all social costs are eliminated.
Do you claim Scripture errs?
I require two proofs be satisfied.
A) Demonstrate that your claim will never be reversed. Never is defined as given an infinite amount of time prove your claim will remain as given.
B) Demonstrate that the assumptions on which the demonstration of falsity was provided is itself an absolute truth. If your own reality is flawed you lack the cognitive foundation on which accusations of fictitious presumptions may be founded. When you have proved your own reality claims are perfectly sound and stable then resubmit your claims as to Biblical errancy.